Texas Annexation Agreement Of 1845

In early February 1845, when the Senate began debating Brown`s amended Treaty of Tyler, its passage seemed unlikely, as support “has gone out of control.” [158] Partisan orientations in the Senate were almost pareal, 28-24, slightly in favour of the Whigs. [159] Democrats in the Senate would need unqualified support among their colleagues and three or more whigs who would be willing to cross party lines to pass the treaty amended by the House of Representatives. Senator Foster`s change in the House of Representatives to reflect the review improves the prospects for the passage of the Senate. [160] After the capture of Mexico City in September 1847, Nicholas Trist, chief secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Polk`s peace envoy, began negotiations for a peace agreement with the Mexican government under conditions similar to those of the previous year`s Slidell. Polk, however, soon worried about Trist`s behavior, because he believed he would not insist on strong conditions on the part of the Mexicans, and because Trist became a close friend of General Winfield Scott, a Whig considered a powerful candidate for the presidency of his party for the election of 1848. Moreover, the war had encouraged expansionist democrats to call for the total annexation of Mexico. Polk remembered Trist in October. Politically, the Brown Amendment was designed to portray the Southern Whigs as “even more fervent advocates of slavery and the South than the Southern Democrats.” [152] The bill also served to distinguish them from their colleagues in northern Whig, who characterized the controversy, as Calhoun, strictly for anti-slavery. [153] While almost all Northern Democrats despised Brown`s amendment, Democrats quickly co-opted the law and provided the votes needed to give the votes needed to Tyler`s joint resolution by 118-101 votes. [154] The Southern Democrats supported the bill almost unanimously (59-1), while the Northern Democrats voted strongly (50-30).

Eight of the eighteen South Whigs voted. Northern Whigs refused. [155] On January 25, 1845, the House of Representatives approved the amended Texas Treaty 120-98. [156] Voting in the House of Representatives was a priority for party membership. [157] The bill was sent to the Senate on the same day for debate. In his first address to Congress at a special session on June 1, 1841, Tyler laid the groundwork for the annexation of Texas by announcing his intention to pursue an expansionist agenda to maintain the balance between national and national authority and to protect American institutions, including slavery, in order to avoid sectoral conflicts. [51] Tyler`s closest advisers advised him that securing Texas would secure him a second term in the White House,[52] and it became a deeply personal obsession with the president, who considered the acquisition of Texas “the primary objective of his administration.” [53] Tyler postponed direct action in Texas to work closely with his Minister of Foreign Affairs, Daniel Webster, on other urgent diplomatic initiatives. [54] On April 11, 1844, Texas and the United States signed an annexation treaty.